28 Mar / 2018
Author: Oliver Gehrmann Tags: There is no tags Comments: 0

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Inside the AWS Global Infrastructure Platform

The AWS Platform consists of a huge amount of services to cover nearly all IT relevant use cases. Services can be covered in the following categories:

  • Compute
  • Storage
  • Databases
  • Migration
  • Networking and CDN
  • Dev Tools
  • Management Tools
  • Media Services
  • Machine Learning
  • Analytics
  • Security & Identity & Compliance
  • Mobile Services
  • AR/VR
  • Application Integration
  • Customer Engagement
  • Business Productivity
  • Desktop and App Streaming
  • IoT
  • Game Development

For a better idea of the AWS ecosystem I’ll show you the most useful services for each category in a high-level overview. Before we start it’s important to know the difference between three basic definitions of the global AWS Infrastructure.

Region: A Region is a physical location in the world which consists of two or more Availability Zones (AZ’s)

Availability Zone: An Availability Zone (AZ) is a Data Center, each with redundant power, networking and connectivity, housed in separate facilities.

Edge Location: Edge Locations are endpoints for AWS which are used for caching content. There are many more Edge locations then regions (currently 96 – 1.1.2018). This consists typically of Cloudfront, Amazons Content Delivery Network.

Let’s now have a look on these huge amounts of cool and useful services AWS has to offer.


EC2 – Elastic Cloud, Amazons Cloud Computing Service

EC2 Container Service – Run and Manage Docker Containers

Elastic Beanstalk – Run and manage web apps, useful for Devs who don’t understand AWS and just want to upload and run their code

Lambda – Serverless computing, run your code in response to events.

Lightsail – Launch and manage virtual private servers, an easy version of the EC2

Batch – Run Batch jobs at any scale


S3 – Scalable storage in the cloud

EFS – Elastic File System, managed file storage for EC2. Works basically like a NAS and can be mounted to multiple virtual machines.

Glacier – Archive Storage in the cloud

Snowball – A physical way to bring large amount of data in the cloud

Storage Gateway – Hybrid storage integration, virtual appliances which replicate data into your S3 Buckets


Aurora – AWS managed relational database compatible with MySQL and PostgreSQL

RDS – Managed relational database service for MYSQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, SQL Server and MariaDB

DynamoDB – Managed NoSQL, non-relational Databases

Elasticache – In-memory caching systems, frees up your database services

Red Shift – Data warehousing and Business Intelligence

Neptune – Managed graph database service

AWS Database Migration Service – Database Migration Tool


AWS Migration Hub – Tracking Service which track your applications as you migrate them into AWS, integrates with other migration services and visualize migrations.

Application Discovery Service – Discover and tracks dependencies of on- premise applications inside your AWS

Database migration service – easy way to migrate on- premise databases into AWS

Server migration service – migrate on- premise servers to AWS

Snowball – same as covert under “Storage”, physical way to bring large amount of data in the cloud

Networking & Content Delivery

VPC – “Virtual Private Cloud”, basically a virtual datacenter where you configure things like firewalls, Availability Zones, Network CIDR Address Ranges, Network ACLs, Route Tables, etc.

CloudFront – Global Content Delivery Network

Route 53 – Scalable Domain Name System

API Gateway – Build, deploy and manage your own APIs

DirectConnect – Dedicated network connections to AWS

Developer Tools

CodeStar – Project managing your code, collaborating with other developers

CodeCommit – Source Control Service, place to store your code

CodeBuild – Build and test code

CodeDeploy – Automate code deployment to your EC2 instances

CodePipeline – release software using continues delivery

X-Ray – Analyze and debug your applications

Cloud9 – Write, run and debug your code on a cloud IDE in your browser.

Management Tools

CloudWatch – Monitor resources and applications

CloudFormation – Create and manage AWS resources with scripting templates

CloudTrail – Track user activity and API usage

Config – Track resource inventory and changes and manage infrastructure snapshots

OpsWork – Automate operations with Chef and Puppet

Service Catalog – Create and use standardized products used typically for governance and compliance requirements

Systems Manager – Interface to manage your AWS resources and gain operational insights

Trusted Advisor – Optimize performance and security

Media Services

Elastic Transcoder – Scalable Media Transcoding

Media Convert – File based video transcoding service

Media Live – live video broadcasting service

Media Package – Video origination and packaging

Media Store – Storage service optimized for media

Media Tailor – Video personalization and monetization (e.g. target based advertising)

Machine Learning

Sage Maker – Build, train and deploy machine learning models at scale

Comprehend – Discover insights and relationships in text

DeepLens – Deep learning enabled video camera

Lex – Voice and text chatbot service

Polly – turn text into speech (the speech is actually pretty cool, not the typical ’98 robot voice)

Machine Learning – Machine learning for developers

Recognition – Analyze image and video

Translate – Amazons machine translation service

Transcribe – Automatic speech recognition


Athena – Query Data in S3 buckets using SQL (serverless)

EMR – Hosted Hadoop framework, used for processing huge amount of data

Cloud Search – Managed search service

Elastisearch Service – Run and scale Elastisearch search engine clusters

Kinesis – collect and process large streams of data records in real time

Quick Sight – Business analytic service

Data Pipeline – Orchestration service for periodic, data- driven workflows

Glue – Amazons ETL service (Extract, Transform, Load) to prepare and load data

Security & Identity & Compliance

IAM – Identity & Access Management, manage user access and encryption keys

Cognito – Identity management for your apps

Guard Duty – Managed threat detection service

Inspector – Analyze application security (runs as agent on your virtual instances)

Macie – Discover classify and protect data inside your S3 buckets

Certificate Manager – Provision, manage and deploy SSL/ TLS Certificates (You can get free SSL Certificates if you use the AWS Certificate Manager with Route53)

CloudHSM – Hardware- based key storage for regulatory compliance

Directory Service – Manage Microsoft Active Directory

WAF – Web Application Firewall, basically a layer 7 firewall to filter malicious web traffic

Shield – DDoS Protection Service

Artifact – Audit and compliance portal for on- demand access to download AWS compliance reports and manage select agreements

Organizations – Policy-based management for multiple AWS accounts

Mobile Services

Mobile Hub – Management console to build, test and monitor apps

API Gateway – Build, deploy and manage APIs

Pinpoint – Push notifications for mobile apps

AppSync – Real- time and offline data sync for mobile data apps

Device Farm – Test Android, FireOS and iOS apps on real devices in the cloud

Mobile SDK – Mobile Software Development Kit


Sumerian – Build and run VR and AR applications

Application Integration

Step Functions – Coordinate the components of distributed applications (e.g. Lambda functions) as a series of steps in a visual workflow.

Simple Queue Service (SQS) – Hosted message queues, for storing messages as they travel between applications or microservices

Simple Notification Service (SNS) – Notification service for mobile push and SMS

MQ – Managed message broker for ActiveMQ

Customer Engagement

Connect – Contact center as a service

Simple Email Service (SES) – Email sending and receiving

Business Productivity

Alexa for Business – Alexa for organizations

Chime – AWS conference, meeting and chat tool.

Work Docs – Enterprise storage and sharing service for documents

Work Mail – Secure and managed business email and calendaring

Desktop & App Streaming

Work Spaces – AWS’ VDI solution

AppStream 2.0 – Application streaming, equal to citrix

Internet of Things

IoT Core – management service to connect devices to the cloud

Free RTOS – IoT operating system for microcontrollers

Greengrass – Local compute, messaging and sync for devices

IoT Analytics – IoT device analytics

IoT Device Defender – Security management for IoT devices

IoT Device Management – Onboard, organize and remotely manage IoT devices

Game Development

GameLift – Game server hosting

Lumberyard – Cross- platform 3D game engine with full source, integrated with AWS and Twitch

As you can see, there is literally a service for everything. Why don’t you try the console with a 12-month free trial account and get a better understanding of the AWS ecosystem.


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